What’s the latest word?
The Oxford Dictionaries Word of the Year is vape. The verb means ‘to inhale and exhale he vapour produced by an electronic cigarette or similar device’. Both the device and the action can be known as a vape and the associated noun vaping is also listed.
But can electronic cigarettes help smokers quit?
There’s huge interest in a new Cochrane review, published today (and here’s the press release), which has found emerging evidence that electronic cigarettes may help smokers stop or reduce their smoking, but the results need to be confirmed by more studies. The review authors are aware of several ongoing studies that should help answer the question.
The review draws on two Randomization is the process of randomly dividing into groups the people taking part in a trial. One group (the intervention group) will be given the intervention being tested (for example a drug, surgery, or exercise) and compared with a group which does not receive the intervention (the control group). A trial in which a group (the ‘intervention group’) is given a intervention being tested (for example a drug, surgery, or exercise) is compared with a group which does not receive the intervention (the ‘control group’). with 662 people, which found that nicotine-containing electronic cigarettes were more effective than electronic cigarettes without nicotine (An intervention that appears to be the same as that which is being assessed but does not have the active component. For example, a placebo could be a tablet made of sugar, compared with a tablet containing a medicine.) in helping smokers quit. No serious adverse effects occurred. Confidence in the results is limited by the small number of trials but the results are encouraging.
Evidently Cochrane has been shortlisted as one of the top 10 health organisation blogs in the UK Blog Awards 2015! Do take a look at the site – we hope there are blogs here to interest everyone. You can also follow us – and talk to us – on Twitter @ukcochranecentr and @SarahChapman30
McRobbie H, Bullen C, Hartmann-Boyce J, Hajek P. Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction.Cochrane Database of In systematic reviews we search for and summarize studies that answer a specific research question (e.g. is paracetamol effective and safe for treating back pain?). The studies are identified, assessed, and summarized by using a systematic and predefined approach. They inform recommendations for healthcare and research. 2014, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD010216. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010216.pub2.
BBC News Health: E-cigarettes help smokers quit or cut down.17 December 2014