Randomization is the process of randomly dividing into groups the people taking part in a Clinical trials are research studies involving people who use healthcare services. They often compare a new or different treatment with the best treatment currently available. This is to test whether the new or different treatment is safe, effective and any better than what is currently used. No matter how promising a new treatment may appear during tests in a laboratory, it must go through clinical trials before its benefits and risks can really be known. More. One group (the A group of people in a study receiving a particular health care intervention (for example a drug, surgery, or exercise). More) will be given the A treatment, procedure or programme of health care that has the potential to change the course of events of a healthcare condition. Examples include a drug, surgery, exercise or counselling. More being tested (for example a drug, surgery, or exercise) and compared with a group which does not receive the intervention (the control group).