Archives

Acute illness

A health condition (or episodes of a health condition) that comes on quickly and is short-lived.

adverse effect

A harmful or abnormal effect, for example death or vomiting, that occurs during or after the use of a...

adverse event

A harmful or abnormal outcomeOutcomes are measures of health (for example quality of life, pain, blood sugar levels) that...

association

A relationship between two characteristics, such that as one changes, the other changes in a predictable way. For example,...

bias

Any factor, recognised or not, that distorts the findings of a studyAn investigation of a healthcare problem. There are...

Blinding

BlindingBlinding is the process of preventing those involved in a trial from knowing to which comparison group a particular...

Certainty of evidence

The certainty (or quality) of evidence is the extent to which we can be confident that what the research...

Chronic illness

A health condition marked by long duration, by frequent recurrence over a long time, and often by slowly progressing...

Clinical guideline

A systematically developed statement for practitioners and participants about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances.

Clinically significant

Clinical significance is the practical importance of an effect (e.g. a reduction in symptoms); whether it has a real...

co-morbidity

The presence of one or more diseases or conditions other than those of primary interest. In a study looking...

Cochrane evidence

Cochrane ReviewsCochrane Reviews are systematic reviews. In systematic reviews we search for and summarize studies that answer a specific...

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