Evidence for Allied Health: new evidence and resources – May 2022

The latest evidence and resources for allied health professionals and clinical support staff, and a chance to help us improve these blogs. You can either scroll through this page or click on any of the links below to jump to the relevant section.

1

Cochrane UK needs you!

Can you help us find out whether our regular evidence round-up blogs are useful and how we can make them better?

These blogs are a way of bringing you news of the latest evidence from Cochrane, relevant to your professional group. Unlike our other blogs, these do not go into detail about the topics and the evidence, nor do they provide a personal or professional reflection. Rather, they provide a brief summary of recently-published Cochrane Reviews and flag up related products and resources, as well as news and opportunities.

We want to make sure we are providing something that is useful to you in your practice. To do this, we need your help.

We are looking for allied health professionals, clinical support staff and student allied health professionals.

If you can spare a few minutes, it would be great if you could share your thoughts in a comment on this blog (simply post a comment at the bottom of the page). There are some questions below you might like to consider. 

If you can spare a bit longer, and you are based in the UK, please consider helping us with the task below which involves you reading two of these blogs and then chatting with either Sarah or Selena on Zoom for up to 30 minutes at a date and time convenient to you. If you are interested, please get in touch via feedback@evidentlycochrane.net.

We want to know what you think (this is not a test!)

The task:

Please read this blog and the previous blog in the series: a round up of new evidence and resources – March 2022. Do this in whatever way you naturally would (for example, concentrating on the bits relevant to you). While you are reading, please think about these questions:

  • What do you think about the topic coverage? Are the topics right? Are we missing things? Please note the topics vary, depending on what new evidence we have to share.
  • Is the blog organised in a way that is useful and makes sense to you? 
  • What do you think of the information that is given? For example, would you like more, less, or different detail?
  • What would you do with any of this information? (For example, share it with colleagues).
  • Where do you normally look for evidence?
  • How often would you like to see these blogs published?
  • Are there any other changes you would like to suggest?

If it is helpful for you to have evidence of your contribution to helping us at Cochrane UK improve our evidence products, we can provide this.

Thank you!

2

Finding the Cochrane evidence you need has got easier!

You can now Find exactly the evidence you need: at-a-glance PICO summaries now available with Cochrane Abstracts. With the new feature of including PICO terms (Population, Intervention, Comparison, and Outcomes) on review pages, you’ll be able to find the most relevant Cochrane evidence to answer your research or clinical question.

3

COVID-19

Cochrane is continuing to produce new and updated reviews in response to the pandemic. We have blogged about many of them and this blog COVID-19 evidence: a Cochrane round-up brings together a large collection of evidence and resources, starting from when this evidence was first being produced in spring 2020.

Plus, we have two blogs on COVID-19 treatments:

  1. Treatments for mild COVID-19
  2. Treatments for moderate to severe COVID-19: Cochrane evidence.

The blog on treatments for people hospitalised with Covid includes the recent Cochrane Review, Anticoagulants for people hospitalised with COVID‐19 (published March 2022). Like the reviews themselves, all our blogs are updated to reflect new evidence.

The Cochrane Review on Hydroxychloroquine for prevention and treatment of COVID‐19 was joint winner of 2021 Harding Prize for Useful and Trustworthy Communication. Praising the review, the judges commented that “the Cochrane approach delivered rigorous, trustworthy and balanced reviews of scientific papers communicated with clarity and directness. Such reviews enabled policy makers, journalists and the public to discuss and make decisions based on the best evidence.”

Cochrane Special Collections

Cochrane Special Collections assemble Cochrane Reviews on important topics for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. They are developed with experts from our global Cochrane network. They are based on World Health Organization interim guidance, and continuously updated. You can find Coronavirus (COVID-19) Special Collections here.

Recently updated special collections include:

Cochrane Podcasts

Cochrane COVID-19 Podcasts offer short summaries of Cochrane COVID-19 reviews from the authors themselves. A good way to hear the latest Cochrane evidence in under 5 minutes each.

Cochrane Clinical Answers

Cochrane Clinical Answers (CCAs) provide a readable, digestible, clinically-focused entry point to rigorous research from Cochrane Reviews. They are designed to be actionable and to inform point-of-care decision-making. Each CCA contains a clinical question, a short answer, and data for the outcomes from the Cochrane Review deemed most relevant to practising healthcare professionals.

You can find Cochrane Clinical Answers related to COVID-19 here.

4

Dementia

The Cochrane Review Psychological treatments for depression and anxiety in dementia and mild cognitive impairment (April 2022) has found that:

  • CBT‐based treatments added to usual care probably slightly reduce symptoms of depression for people with dementia and mild cognitive impairment and may increase rates of remission of depression.
  • CBT‐based treatments probably also have a small positive effect on quality of life and activities of daily living.
  • Supportive and counselling interventions may not improve symptoms of depression in people with dementia.
  • The effects of both types of treatment on anxiety symptoms are very uncertain, as are the effects of other types of psychological treatments, and the persistence of effects over time.

4

Low carbohydrate diets for adults with overweight and obesity

Cochrane Clinical Answers:

5

Stroke

Information provision

Occupational therapy for cognitive impairment after stroke

 The updated Cochrane Review Occupational therapy for cognitive impairment in stroke patients (March 2022) highlights that its effects remain unclear. However, the evidence suggests that occupational therapy:

  • may result in little to no clinical difference in basic activities of daily living immediately after intervention and at three and six months’ follow‐up
  • may slightly improve global cognitive performance of a clinically important difference immediately after intervention
  • likely improves sustained visual attention slightly
  • may slightly increase working memory and flexible thinking after intervention.

6

News and opportunities

Cochrane UK and Cochrane Ireland are hosting a free online workshop for nurses, midwives and allied health professionals based in the UK and Ireland. Join us on Tuesday 14th June, from 14:00 to 16:00, for a practical session where you will learn more about systematic reviews and improve your understanding of evidence-based practice. Full details, including how to register.

Please note that this page includes a round-up of materials mainly published within the last two months, and is not updated after it’s posted.

References (pdf)

Join in the conversation on Twitter with @SarahChapman30 and @CochraneUK or leave a comment on the blog.

Please note, we cannot give medical advice and do not publish comments that link to individual pages requesting donations or to commercial sites, or appear to endorse commercial products. We welcome diverse views and encourage discussion but we ask that comments are respectful and reserve the right to not publish any we consider offensive. Cochrane UK does not fact check – or endorse – readers’ comments, including any treatments mentioned.

Sarah and Selena have nothing to disclose.



Evidence for Allied Health: new evidence and resources – May 2022 by Sarah Chapman and Selena Ryan-Vig

is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

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