The latest evidence and resources for nurses and clinical support workers. You can either scroll through this page or click on any of the links below to jump to the relevant section.
Please note, unlike the rest of our blogs, our Evidence for Nursing: new evidence and resources blogs will not be updated.
- Assisted reproductive technology
- Cardiovascular disease
- Care of the newborn, including pre-term infants
- Central venous catheter management
- Cochrane Nursing
- Critical and emergency care
- Enhanced rehabilitation for people with dementia after hip fracture
- Healthcare worker education and training
- Healthcare worker health and wellbeing
- Healthy ageing
- Organisation and delivery of care
- Palliative care
- Perioperative care
- Regional anaesthesia
- Smoking cessation
- Coming up
Cochrane is producing reviews and resources for the COVID-19 pandemic. We have blogged about many of them and this blog Cochrane evidence on COVID-19: a round-up brings together a large collection of evidence and resources, starting from when this evidence was first being produced in spring 2020. Like the reviews themselves, all our blogs are updated to reflect new evidence.
Cochrane’s response to the pandemic had to meet the needs of evidence users and decision‐makers as it developed and how this is being done is discussed in an editorial COVID-19: working together and making a difference for decision-makers.
Drawing on a Cochrane Review on supporting resilience and mental well-being in frontline healthcare professionals during and after a pandemic (November 2020) there is now a brief for health systems planners and implementers. You might also be interested in the Special Collection Coronavirus (COVID-19): support for wellbeing in the healthcare workforce.
Cochrane Special Collections
Cochrane Special Collections assemble Cochrane Reviews on important topics for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. They are developed with experts from our global Cochrane network. They are based on World Health Organization interim guidance, and continuously updated. You can find Coronavirus (COVID-19) Special Collections here.
Cochrane COVID-19 Podcasts
Cochrane COVID-19 Podcasts offer short summaries of Cochrane COVID-19 reviews from the authors themselves. A good way to hear the latest Cochrane evidence in under 5 minutes each.
Cochrane Clinical Answers
Cochrane Clinical Answers (CCAs) provide a readable, digestible, clinically-focused entry point to rigorous research from Cochrane Reviews. They are designed to be actionable and to inform point-of-care decision-making. Each CCA contains a clinical question, a short answer, and data for the outcomes from the Cochrane Review deemed most relevant to practising healthcare professionals. The evidence is displayed in a user-friendly tabulated format that includes narratives, data, and links to graphics.
You can find Cochrane Clinical Answers related to COVID-19 here.
Assisted reproductive technology
An Evidently Cochrane blog IVF add-ons: the latest Cochrane evidence was written for people undergoing IVF but is useful also for nurses, setting the latest evidence in context.
The Special Collection In vitro fertilisation – effectiveness of add-ons summarizes evidence for specific IVF add-ons from Cochrane Reviews, to support health professionals and people undergoing IVF in decision-making about offering or using IVF add-ons.
Don’t miss Contemplating Cancer – a special series of thought-provoking blogs in which people share personal and professional experience of cancer, along with Cochrane evidence and artwork.
Liz O’Riordan reflects on the Cochrane Review ‘Communication skills training for healthcare professionals working with people who have cancer’ from her perspective as both breast surgeon and someone with recurrent breast cancer.
Charlotte Squires reflects on the importance of communication skills for healthcare professionals working with people who have cancer, from her perspective both as doctor and a patient with advanced Hodgkin Lymphoma.
Sally Crowe reflects on her experiences of post-traumatic stress (PTS) after being diagnosed and treated for a rare cancer – a common, but little talked about outcome of having cancer.
We invited people to share their experiences and views on communicating about cancer on Twitter. In this blog, Sarah Chapman reflects on what emerged.
In this blog for people making treatment decisions about prostate cancer, surgeons Francisco Lopez, Freddie Hamdy and Alastair Lamb explore the evidence, weigh up the benefits and harms, and suggest some questions that you may wish to discuss with your clinician.
In this blog for informal cancer caregivers, Beverley Lim Høeg and Pernille Envold Bidstrup, who are both psychologists and cancer researchers, look at the challenges faced by those caring for a loved-one with cancer and explore why informal caregivers deserve more support and focus in cancer treatment and research. Pernille is also the mother of a 9 year old cancer survivor.
An Evidently Cochrane blog “Reducing saturated fat intake: is it worth the effort?” by Robert Walton, a Cochrane UK Senior Fellow in General Practice, looking at the evidence on reducing saturated fat in the diet to help prevent cardiovascular disease.
There is a Cochrane Clinical Answer relating to the same review For people with or without cardiovascular disease (CVD), what are the effects of reducing saturated fat intake?
Care of the newborn, including pre-term infants
Neonatal jaundice: Cochrane evidence on prevention and treatment is a blog for health professionals, written by Paediatric Registrar Katie Westwood, looking at relevant Cochrane evidence from multiple reviews.
- Continuous glucose monitoring for the prevention of morbidity and mortality in preterm infants (December 2020)
- Early full enteral feeding for preterm or low birth weight infants (December 2020)
- Early treatment versus expectant management of hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus for preterm infant (December 2020)
- Individualized versus standard diet fortification for growth and development in preterm infants receiving human milk (November 2020)
- Non-pharmacological care for opioid withdrawal in newborns (December 2020)
Cochrane Clinical Answer: For very preterm or very low birth weight infants, what are the effects of probiotics for preventing necrotizing enterocolitis?
Cochrane Podcast: Probiotics for prevention of necrotising enterocolitis in very preterm or very low birthweight infants.
Central venous catheter management
Cochrane Clinical Answer: How does low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) compare with low‐dose unfractionated heparin (UFH) for preventing central venous catheter–related thrombosis in children?
Cochrane Nursing aims to promote awareness of and access to the Cochrane Library for the international nursing community. You can become a member of Cochrane Nursing and there are opportunities to get involved in activities. Find out more in this bulletin.
Critical and emergency care
- Cochrane Clinical Answer: For critically ill people, do cough augmentation techniques help extubation or weaning from mechanical ventilation?
- Featured Review: Helping families secure a step‐up to emergency care for patients with a life-threatening condition
Enhanced rehabilitation for people with dementia after hip fracture
Cochrane Clinical Answer: What are the effects of enhanced rehabilitation and care models for adults with dementia undergoing hip fracture surgery?
Healthcare worker education and training
Cochrane Clinical Answers:
- Does RCT evidence show that printed educational materials for healthcare professionals alter healthcare professionals’ practice and/or patient outcomes?
- Does RCT evidence show that education and training of healthcare workers help prevent or minimize workplace aggression directed toward them?
- Does healthcare worker education improve adherence to standard precautions for controlling health care‐associated infections?
Healthcare worker health and wellbeing
Cochrane Clinical Answer: Do psychological interventions help foster resilience among healthcare students?
The United Nations has designated 2021-2030 as the Decade of Health Ageing in an initiative that aims to bring together different sectors and countries to take action to improve the lives of older people, their families and communities. As part of this, a special healthy ageing issue of Cochrane Library app has been released. The Cochrane Library app presents the latest up-to-date evidence from the Cochrane Library in a convenient, easy to navigate format which provides you with relevant, accessible research, when you need it. All content is free and new issues will download regularly.
There is also a Cochrane Special Collection: Physical activity for healthy ageing.
Featured Review: Using mobile technologies to promote communication and management of care between healthcare professionals.
Cochrane Clinical Answer: What are the effects of mobile technologies used by community health workers?
Featured Review: Hospital-based specialist palliative care for adults with a terminal illness
Cochrane Review: Drugs for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting in adults after general anaesthesia: a network meta‐analysis (October 2020).
There is a related Cochrane Podcast: Which medicines work best to prevent people from being sick (vomiting) after an operation? and a Cochrane Clinical Answer: For adults who have undergone general anaesthesia, what are the effects of postoperative antiemetic drugs?
- A Cochrane Review has looked at Peripheral nerve blocks for hip fractures in adults (November 2020).
- Cochrane Clinical Answer: What are the effects of peripheral nerve block for people with hip fracture?
- Cochrane Special Collection: Coronavirus (COVID-19): regional anaesthesia to reduce drug use in anaesthesia and avoid aerosol generation.
Cochrane Clinical Answers:
- How do tailored and non‐tailored self‐help interventions compare with no self‐help or each other for smoking cessation?
- How effective and safe are electronic cigarettes (ECs) for smoking cessation?
- How does bupropion compare with placebo for promoting smoking cessation in adolescents and adults?
- How does bupropion compare with varenicline or nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs) for promoting smoking cessation in adolescents and adults?
- What are the effects of adding bupropion or fluoxetine to other treatments compared with using other treatments alone for people trying to quit smoking?
- Cochrane Clinical Answer: For people who have had a stroke, how does electromechanically assisted training affect outcomes?
- Cochrane Clinical Answer: How does organized inpatient care compare with care on a general medical ward for people with stroke?
- Cochrane Clinical Answer: For people with stroke, how does telerehabilitation compare with usual care?
On 20-22 April 2021, Cochrane UK and Cochrane Ireland are holding an online event ‘Virtually Cochrane’ for all those involved with, or interested in, planning, doing, sharing and using research evidence. Registration will open in February.
The next collection of evidence will be published here in April 2021. We may have new blogs and blogshots on individual reviews meanwhile. You can find all our blogs relevant to nursing here and blogshots here.
Join in the conversation on Twitter with @CochraneUK or leave a comment on the blog. Please note, we will not publish comments that link to commercial sites or appear to endorse commercial products. We welcome diverse views and encourage discussion but ask that comments are respectful and reserve the right to not publish comments we consider offensive.
Sarah Chapman and Selena Ryan-Vig have nothing to disclose.